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Human Bites

Bites are very common among young children, but are typically not serious. A tissue infection may occur if bacteria get into broken skin and will need treatment by a health professional. If blood is drawn into the mouth of the biter, or if the biter breaks the skin and has bleeding gums or mouth sores, blood-borne disease could be a concern. Examples of blood-borne diseases are hepatitis B, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis C. However, the risk of transmission of these viruses is very low among daycare and school settings.

What are the roles of the caregiver/teacher and family?

  •     Wash any broken skin and applying cold to any bruise.
  •     Notify the parent/guardian of the bite.
  •     Focus on injured child rather than on a child who is biting.

Animal Bites

Reptiles should not be kept as pets for children due to possible contact with Salmonella. Contacts with reptiles (skin) or bites from reptiles may cause a Salmonella infection or other bacterial infection.

An animal bite that breaks the skin has a significant chance of producing a bacterial infection. These bites should be evaluated by a health professional due to the possible transmission of rabies virus. Rabies is a very serious viral infection that infects the nervous system. This virus is typically transmitted by a variety of wild animals (i.e. stray dogs, raccoons, bats) or unimmunized pets. Signs or symptoms of rabies include anxiety, difficulty swallowing, seizures, and paralysis. Once symptoms develop, rabies is nearly always fatal. If a pet or wild animal bites someone and breaks the skin, the situation requires immediate attention. Treatment may need to begin immediately. Report all suspected exposure to rabies promptly to public health authorities.

How do you control it?

  •     Immunize dogs and cats
  •     Avoid contact with wild or stray animals.

Information on this site is intended for Angel Kids Pediatrics patients only. Always consult your doctor before beginning, modifying, or discontinuing any treatment plan.

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