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What are mumps?

  • A viral illness with swelling of one or more of the salivary glands.
  • It is uncommon in children who have up to date measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) immunization.

Signs or Symptoms

  • Swollen glands in the front and below the ear or under the jaw area.
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Earache
  • Painful swelling of the testicles in boys and swelling of the ovaries in girls along with abdominal pain.
  • Develop several complications which include meningitis, deafness, and inflammation of the joints.
  • During pregnancy the infection may kill or severely harm the fetus.

Incubation and Contagious Period

  • Incubation period is usually about 16 to 18 days.
  • Contagious period is usually about 1 to 2 days before to 5 days after the swelling of the glands. The virus can be isolated from the saliva from 7 days before to 9 days after swelling.

How is the disease spread?

  • Direct person to person contact from the mouth or nose secretions.

How is the disease controlled?

  • MMR vaccination
  • Review immunization status of all children

Caregiver, Teacher, and Family Roles

  • Report all infections to staff members from the child care and school facilities in order to decide an action plan of care of the ill child.
  • Staff officials alerts the parents and family member to keep an eye out for any signs or symptoms that may occur within the family.
  • Report all cases to the health department.
  • Refer to a health professional to get treatment.
  • Ensure that all immunizations are up to date for the child and all family members.

Group Settings

  • It is recommended that all children be excluded from group settings until the child has been immunized and are free from any signs or symptoms.
  • Mumps are highly contagious.
  • If an outbreak occurs, exclude exposed children who have not been immunized until they have become immunized and it is safe for them to return.
  • Readmit 9 days after the first onset of swelling.
  • Readmit to group settings when the child is able to participate and function normally.

Information on this site is intended for Angel Kids Pediatrics patients only. Always consult your doctor before beginning, modifying, or discontinuing any treatment plan.

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