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What is a rotavirus?

  • It belongs to a family of viruses that’s found worldwide as one of the most common causes of diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Most common cause of diarrhea in children younger than two years old.
  • Occurs more frequently in the cooler months.
  • Nearly all children have been infected by the time they’re three years old.
  • Children are able to become infected more than once since the there are several types of the virus.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Non-bloody diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration in sever cases
  • Usually lasts from 3 to 8 days

Incubation and Contagious Period

  • Incubation period occurs between 2-4 days.
  • During the contagious period the virus is present before the diarrhea begins and can persist for up to three weeks after the illness.

How is it spread?

  • Fecal to oral route.
  • Can be found on toys and hard surfaces.
  • Most often spread within families.

How is it controlled?

  • Frequent hand washing before and after going to the bathroom, diaper changes, or any contact with food or surfaces involved in preparation and serving food.
  • Clean and sanitize surfaces with detergent, water, and 70% ethanol solution that are allowed to air dry or a spray (freshly made of 1:64 dilution of household bleach).

Caregiver, Teacher, and Family Roles

  • Report the infection to staff members of the child care programs or school for decisions and action related level of care for the ill child.
  • Alerts all possible exposed family members and staff to keep an eye out for symptoms.
  • During outbreaks reeducate staff members to ensure strict and frequent hand washing before and after going to the bathroom, diaper changes, food handling and cleaning, and sanitation procedures.

Group Setting

  • Exclude children from group settings if he/she has diarrhea that is not contained in the toilet.
  • All infants and children who use diapers or have accidents and diarrhea must not be allowed back into the group.
  • All children who are experiencing dehydration (no urine output in 8 hours) should not be allowed back into the group.
  • The child is unable to participate in group functions or has a change in behavior.
  • Readmit children to group settings when the child’s stool is contained in the toilet, stool consistency has not changed for a week, seems well enough, and is able to participate without compromising the health and safety of the other children.


Information on this site is intended for Angel Kids Pediatrics patients only. Always consult your doctor before beginning, modifying, or discontinuing any treatment plan.

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