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Salmonella

What is Salmonella?

  • Salmonella is an intestinal infection caused by Salmonella bacteria.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Abdominal cramps and tenderness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sometimes blood or mucus in stool

Incubation and Contagious Period

  • Incubation period is from 6-48 hours.
  • During the contagious period half of children will still have Salmonella present in the stool for 12 weeks after the infection.

How is it spread?

  • Through fecal oral route from infected people and animals, like reptiles and poultry.
  • Ingestion of contaminated food, water, meats, eggs, and unpasteurized milk.
  • From direct contact from infected objects or surfaces.

How is it controlled?

  • Frequent hand washing.
  • Do not have reptiles as pets for children. Salmonella is a normal bacterium of the intestinal tract of reptiles.
  • Cages and everything involved with the care of reptiles should be considered contaminated of the organism that will spread the infection to other children.
  • Clean, sanitize, and practice good sanitation methods for preparing food.
  • Clean and sanitize surfaces used by raw meats and poultry such as cutting boards and utensils.
  • Eggs and other animal foods should be cooked thoroughly according to the recommended temperature.

Caregiver, Teacher, and Family Roles

  • Report the infection to staff members of the child care programs or school for decisions and action related level of care for the ill child.
  • Alerts all possible exposed family members and staff to keep an eye out for symptoms.
  • Reports infection to the health department.
  • Infected people should not be involved in the preparation of food.
  • Prevent contact of younger children with reptiles and poultry.
  • Immediately wash hands after any contact with animals.

Group Setting

  • Exclude all children from group settings if the child is unable to do diarrhea in the toilet for any reason.
  • All infants and children who are still in diapers and have diarrhea must also be excluded.
  • All children who are experiencing dehydration (no urine output in 8 hours) should not be allowed back into the group.
  • The child is unable to participate in group functions or has a change in behavior.
  • Readmit children to group settings when a health professional has cleared the child for readmission for all cases of Salmonella.
  • Readmit children to group settings if the child has had three negative test results from stool cultures with Salmonella typhi, but the other Salmonella types don’t require negative test results from stool cultures.
  • Readmit children when they are able to have a stool in the toilet.
  • Readmit children if the child seems well and stool consistency has not changed for about a week.

 

Information on this site is intended for Angel Kids Pediatrics patients only. Always consult your doctor before beginning, modifying, or discontinuing any treatment plan.

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